Sophie Strauss Latina
Especially in the South of the island, where mass tourism has been strongly developed, Balinese irrigation communities subak have to coordinate their utilization of water resources for paddy cultivation with various other commercial and non-commercial user sectors with a high consumption rate. The competition between the various stakeholders has led to overexploitation and a growing rate of crop failure in the course of the last 10 to 15 years, especially in the South of the island. Competing user sectors for water are the subak communities, private households in both rural and urban areas, regional semi-state-owned water providers Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum, PDAMs , tourism infrastructure like restaurants, hotels with swimming pools and golf courses , private transnational water companies, the industry and the natural environment. At the core of the research are the interactions between members of the different user groups and their negotiation activities as well as their mobilization of, and access to, different legal spheres which regulate the access to water, for instance subak laws as customary right indon. In a twelve-month ethnographic fieldwork the strategies of interaction, negotiation and dispute settlement of the actors shall be analyzed and their respective access to the different legal repertoires as a source of legitimising their water claims. All this is to be considered against the backdrop of the changes in the water sector since the introduction of the decentralization programme in Indonesia after and a new legislation in the water sector on the regional and national levels. It is the aim of the project to gain an understanding of the consequences that this new legal situation and the massive impacts of tourism and the private sector have had, and still have, on the conflict management and negotiations between the user sectors in their competition for the limited water resources. Especially the relationship between subak communities as institutions of adat-law and private households both using water non-commercially and sectors with commercial water exploitation tourism, private companies is at the centre of the research as well as the role that government authorities and other interest groups like NGOs have on the different levels of dispute settlement. Strategies in water rights disputes. The solution of water rights conflicts in the legal plural context of Balinese paddy cultivation Working title , Supervisor: Konkurrenz um die Ressource Wasser. Nutzungskonflikte am Beispiel der südbalinesischen Nassreiskultur Supervisor: Motive und Felder ethnologischen Forschens. Nutzungskonflikte am Beispiel der südbalinesischen Reiskultur. Elektronic Publication of Göttingen University. Presentation of the PhD paper Water management and water rights in Bali - New developments and strategies under the special conditions of the Indonesian decentralisation - legal anthropological perspectives at the workshops Between State and Society: Local-Level politics in Southeast Asia , May 6. Gesetzesfolgenabschätzung in der Anwendung auf eine rechtsethnologische Analyse von Wasserressourcenkonflikten zwischen verschiedenen Nutzergruppen im rechtspluralistischen Kontext des balinesischen Nassreisanbaus. Das Beispiel der Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfung. Workshop Regulatory Impact Analysis.